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Birth injuries that could impact your child

There are several kinds of birth injuries that can take place during the birthing process. It's not uncommon for babies to suffer some injuries, because their bodies are compressed and pushed through the tight birth canal in most cases. It's normal to see injuries such as bruises or even some broken bones, although broken bones are less common.

In most cases, when babies suffer birth injuries, those injuries will recover without treatment. However, there are some injuries that are caused by neglect or negligence, and those injuries can be life-threatening or impact the child for the rest of his or her life. When negligence is the cause, that's when families have a right to seek out compensation for their child's care.

For example, bleeding on the brain can take place when the blood vessel in the skull breaks open. This is more common with premature infants, who then suffer from ischemia or hypoxia. If your baby is born with this condition, he or she should receive treatments such as fluids or warmth and other actions to support his or her body's functions until he or she fully recovers. If the hemorrhage is subdural, then a surgeon should treat the injury to help your child recover.

Another dangerous condition is perinatal asphyxia. This condition occurs when too little blood reaches the child's tissues or when the blood is not oxygenated enough. There are several causes for this condition ranging from drug exposure to infections. If this takes place during birth, the medical team should be watching for it and prepared to give your child oxygen following an emergency delivery. When your child is born, he or she should receive treatments such as fluids or blood transfusions, depending on the cause of the condition. Failing to do this could cause a child to stay in shock and potentially pass away.

These are just two of many conditions babies can be born with after suffering trauma or injuries. The right medical team should be prepared to assist and make sure your child's risk of these injuries is low.

Source: Merck Manuals Consumer Version, "Birth Injury," Arthur E. Kopelman, MD, accessed Aug. 11, 2016

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