The mere mentioning of the words, “traumatic brain injury,” or TBI, to a person in Newton will create fear and trepidation. When the phrase is uttered with a child’s injury, the response can be even worse. A head injury can lead to brain injury. With that, there is always the risk of long-term damage. With a child, his or her life can be significantly affected by this. The statistics are clear regarding the incidence of traumatic brain injury in children.
Two different age groups are at the highest risk for traumatic brain injury. They are ages 0 to 4 and 15 to 19. On average, people of the age of 0 to 19 suffer 62,000 instances of brain injury from car accidents, through falling, from injuries while playing sports, from being physically abused, as well as other reasons. More than 560,000 children are seen in hospital emergency rooms for a head injury and allowed to leave. For children age 0 to 14, there are 2,685 fatalities from TBI. Thirty seven thousand people are hospitalized. Four hundred and thirty five thousand people visit emergency rooms. For children, a study indicated that falls are the greatest cause for these injuries. An estimated 1,300 are injured in this way from child abuse on an annual basis.
Symptoms are important when determining whether a child has suffered a brain injury. These can be physical, cognitive and emotional. Physical issues that are common include: speech issues, trouble with vision and hearing, headaches, motor coordination problems, paralysis, seizure, balance problems and fatigue. Cognitive impairments include: short-term memory loss, difficulty concentrating, slowed thinking, attention span limitations, trouble communicating, problems reading and judgment impairments. Emotional impairments include: denial, behaving in a self-centered manner, anxiety, depression, mood swings, restlessness and emotional upheaval.
A head injury can result in an extended stay in the hospital, rehabilitation and long-term care. If there was an incident that was caused by another leading to traumatic brain injury, the costs can be mitigated by seeking to be compensated via litigation. For assistance, in determining whether this is an option, it is important to discuss the matter with a legal professional experienced in traumatic brain injury cases.
Source: BIAUSA.org, “Brain Injury in Children,” accessed on Jan. 27, 2015