People in Newton who suffer a head injury might have an idea about the possibilities of it becoming a traumatic brain injury. Those who are aware of the different forms of traumatic brain injury will have a better chance of responding properly when they happen and seeking proper and necessary treatment.

A concussion is considered minor in terms of brain injury. In technical terms, when a person suffers a concussion, there will be a loss of consciousness for a brief time. A more severe kind of brain injury is a skull fracture. If there are parts of the break pressing into the brain tissue, this is a depressed skull fracture. If there is an object that pierces the skull – like a weapon, bullet or shard – it is a penetrating skull fracture.

When a person suffers a skull fracture, there might be a bruise to the brain. This is known as a contusion. With a contusion, there will be a specific location of the brain that will swell as blood vessels have broken. A contrecoup is a form of contusion and can happen when there is a shaking of the brain. This can occur if there is a sudden stop in a car accident or if a baby is shaken.

By contrast to a contusion, a hematoma is when there is significant bleeding in or near the brain. Epdiural hematoma is when there is bleeding between the dura and the skull. Subdural hematoma is when there is a bleeding incident between the arachnoid membrane and the dura. If the brain is bleeding, it is an intracerebral hematoma.

Finally, if there is a lack of oxygen to the brain, it is called anoxia. If there is a deprivation of oxygen but not a complete absence of it, it is referred to as hypoxia.

Those who have suffered a head injury need to understand the different forms of traumatic brain injury that can result. In addition, these injuries might make it necessary to seek long-term care with the victim unable to work and contribute substantially to a home and family. Knowing the importance of legal help and how to secure it can be a key to being adequately compensated if another was at fault for the head injury.

Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, “What are the different types of TBI?,” accessed on Mar. 22, 2015