Traumatic brain injuries can be caused by a variety of accidents. The tie that binds them all together is that they produce effects that greatly affect the TBI patient and those close to that person. Understanding some of the common causes of TBIs might help some people avoid suffering from one of these injuries. For others, it might help them understand their injury.

What are some common events that can cause a TBI?

These include combat, explosions and violence. In fact, around 20 percent of TBIs are caused by violence alone. That doesn’t include TBIs that are combat-related injuries that members of military suffer. Violent actions that can cause TBIs include shaken baby syndrome, domestic violence and gunshot wounds.

Motor vehicle accidents can also lead to TBIs. This is especially true in pedestrian accidents. Falls and sports incidents can also lead to TBIs. Contact sports are a particular concern, as are falls involving older people.

What factors can affect a TBI?

The way that the brain was affected by the accident can impact the TBI. Wide scale damage is associated with injuries that lead to oxygen deprivation, blood clots, swelling, or bleeding. Specific points of damage are associated with blows to the head or jolting. Tearing of cellular structures is associated with spinning or rotating jolts. Damaged tissues, brain cells, and blood vessels are usually caused by penetrating injuries.

People who suffer a TBI might need lifelong care. Because that care can be costly, the sufferer might opt to seek compensation through a personal injury lawsuit. It’s essential to make sure that you seek enough compensation to cover both short-term and long-term expenses.

Source: Mayo Clinic, “Traumatic brain injury,” accessed July 13, 2016